This Book is a comparative analysis of racism and Islamophobia in Europe with a particular emphasis on France and Germany.
The book “Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe” has written by Raymond Taras and published by Edinburg university press in 2012.
European anti-Muslim attitudes: the voice of public protest against out-of-touch elites?Are anti-Muslim attitudes becoming the spectre that is haunting Europe? Is Islamophobia as widespread and virulent as is made out? Or do some EU societies appear more prejudiced than others? To what extent are European fears about unmanaged immigration the basis for scapegoating Muslim communities? And is there an anti-elitist dimension to Europeans’ protest about rapid demographic change occurring in their countries?This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct clichés and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and must be tackled by future immigration and integration policy.
This is a comparative analysis of racism and Islamophobia in Europe with a particular emphasis on France and Germany to which whole chapters are devoted. Importantly the book seems to work with a clear distinction between Islamophobia and forms of racism and other types of xenophobia and clearly refuses to reduce Islamophobia to a variant of cultural racism which seems to be the dominant interpretation at present.
Table of Contents:
- Studying phobias
Framing Muslims as strangers
Confronting the Phobia of foreigners
Where fear and prejudice come from
Prejudice and ethnicity
The overlay of religious intolerance and racism
Prejudice and religion
Phobias outside the west
Structure of the book
- Norms and models of migrant rights
Standard setting and stranger
Reconciling immigration and integration policies
Standard setting on family reunification and asylum
Norms and practices affecting irregular immigrants
The European pact on immigration and asylum
The institutionalization of norms
Ways of accommodating foreigners
The multicultural paradigm: the British case
Assimilation: the French republican ideal?
The myth of the single French nation
Exceptions to France’s blindness
Assimilation, multiculturalism and Islam
Norms and fears
- From fear about immigrants to prejudices against Muslims
From hospitality to hostility
The alleged wrongdoings of migrants
Europe’s multiple insecurities
Evidence of xenophobic attitudes
Patterns of migrant settlement
Integration choices and migrant strategies
How gate keeping functions
National differences in attitudes to immigration
Anti-immigrant political parties
- Islamophobia’s deep structure and shallow stereotypes
‘Base and bastard Turks’
Religious underpinnings of anti-Islamic ideas
Muslim community organizations and Islamophobia
Imagining the Muslim other
Freedom of expression and Islamophobia
Survey research on anti-Islamic attitudes
Monitoring anti-Muslim bias
Muslims’ experience of Victimization
The ethnic majorities’ views
- France: from assimilation to affirmative action?
Immigration growth, integration outcomes
Policy shift towards selectivity
Is there a ‘French Islamophobia?
French Muslim diversity
Contemporary anti-Muslim attitudes
Distinctive but not unusual Islamophobia
- Germany: From multiculturalism to Realpolitikl?
Protests, violence and rhetoric
Guest workers and migration
Integrating an underclass
Organising Germany’s Turks
Berlin’s policies, Ankara’s objections
Opposing Turkey’s EU bid: how distinctly German?
Turkey’s European values
- Undoing Islamophobia
The making of anti-Muslim prejudice
Introducing contingent factors
The historical determinism of deep causes
Structural feature and contingent events
Unmaking public opinion on Islam