This collection of case studies, covering the period from classical Islam to the present, and taken from across the Shiʿi Islamic world, reflects on the roles that women have played in exercising religious authority across time and space.
Islamic religious authority is conventionally understood to be an exclusively male purview. Yet when dissected into its various manifestations—leading prayer, preaching, issuing fatwas, transmitting hadith, judging in court, teaching law, theology, and other Islamic sciences and generally shaping the Islamic scholarly tradition—nuances emerge that hint at the presence of women in the performance of some of these functions. This collection of case studies, covering the period from classical Islam to the present, and taken from across the Shiʿi Islamic world, reflects on the roles that women have played in exercising religious authority across time and space. Comparative reflection on the case studies allows for the formulation of hypotheses regarding the conditions and developments—whether theological, jurisprudential, social, economic, or political—that enhanced or stifled the flourishing of female religious authority in Shiʿi Islam.
About the Authors
Mirjam Künkler is Senior Research Fellow at Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study. She is co-editor, with Alfred Stepan, of Indonesia, Islam and Democracy (Columbia University Press, 2013).
Devin Stewart is Associate Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Emory University. He has published numerous journal articles, including in Islamic Law and Society, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies and Journal of Qur’anic Studies.
Table of Contents
- Introduction: Mirjam Künkler and Devin Stewart
- Forgotten Histories of Female Religious Authority in Islam: Mirjam Künkler, SCAS
- Umm Salamah: A Female Authority Legitimating the Authorities:Yasmin Amin, AUC Egypt
- Heiress to the Prophet: Fatima as Inheritor of Her Father’s Legacy: Alyssa Gabbay, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
- Female Authority in the Times of the Shi‘i Imams: Liyakat Takim, McMaster University, Canada
- “She should not raise her voice when amongst men”: Imāmī arguments against (and for) women judges: Robert Gleave, University of Exeter
- Husniyyah’s Debate at the Court of Harun al-Rashid: Sectarian Polemics and Female Religious Authority: Devin Stewart, Emory University
- Princesses, Patronage, and the Production of Knowledge in Safavid Iran: Yusuf Ünal, Emory University
- The Lives of Two Mujtahidahs: Female Religious Authority in 20th Century Iran: Mirjam Künkler, SCAS, and Roja Fazaeli, Trinity College Dublin
- The “Other Half of the Mission”: Amina Bint al-Hudà (al-Sadr) as Wakil for Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr?: Raffaele Mauriello, Sapienza University of Rome
- Speaking in the Name of Zaynab: Female Shi‘i Religious Authority in Syria
Edith Szanto, American University of Iraq, Sulaimani
- Women’s Religious Seminaries in Iran: A Diversified System Despite State Attempts at Unification and Standardization: Maryam Rutner, NYU
13.Cover Art: Laylî as Queen of Heaven by Muhammadî of Herât, ca. 1565: Michael Barry
Title: Female Religious Authority in Shi’i Islam, Past and Present
ٍAuthors: Mirjam Künkler and Devin Stewart
Publisher:Edinburgh University Press
Length: 420 pages
Pub. Date: September 2019