1- The Character of Abū Ḥanīfah Ḥanafīyah is the earliest sect among all Suuni jurisprudential schools. It was founded by Na‘mān b. Thābit b. Zūṭī. He was born in 80 A.H. at Kufah, but according to the famous opinion, was of Iranian origin. His grandfather, Zūṭī, was a slave from ...
Twelver Shi’as (Imamiyah) 1- Authentication (tawthīque) of Shi’ism Shi’ite jurisprudential sects follow the ideas of Ahl al-Bayt (A.S.). Twelvers is the main sect of them, which follows its famous twelve Imams’ ideas, especially, the sixth Imam, Abū Abdu Allah Ja‘far b. Muhammad al-Ṣādiq, and because of that they are ...
1- A glance at the living of Shāfi‘ī In terms of antiquity, Shāfi‘īyah is the third Sunni judicial school. Its founder is Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muhammad b. Idrīs, a jurist from the fourth generation of Successor jurists from Mecca. He is attributed to the Quraysh tribe, and was born in ...
Mālikīyah 1- Mālik’s Character Mālikīyah is the second Sunni school, in terms of time, and the third one in terms of population. It is founded by Mālik b. Anas b. Mālik b. ‘Āmir Aṣbahī Madanī, a scholar of the third category of Successor jurists of Medina. He was born circa ...
Zaydīyah The main source of the jurisprudence of Zayd b. Ali, the founder of Zaydīyah School, is a book named al-Majmū‘ al-Kabīr. This book is ascribed to Zayd, but is compiled by his attendant and disciple, Abū Khālid Wāsiṭī. Zayd’s method was avoiding exaggeration and coordinating with the jurisprudence of ...
The following translated passages come from a larger work in Arabic by Sayyid Muḥammad Saeed al-Ḥakim in which he...
1- The Character of Ahmad b. Ḥanbal Ḥanbalīyah is the fourth school amongst Sunni jurisprudential schools in terms of followers and appearance. It was founded by Abū ‘Abd Allah Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Ḥanbal Shaybānī. He was born in 164 A.H in Baghdad, and memorized the Qur’an in childhood. He ...
In Imāmī legal theory, the akhbār of the Imams form one of the material sources of law, alongside the...
“Understanding Islamic Sciences: Philosophy, Theology, Mysticism, Morality, Jurisprudence” is a collection of martyr Murtada Mutahhari’s essential papers and articles...
Book: Islamic Law in Theory: Studies on Jurisprudence in Honor of Bernard Weiss Edited by A. Kevin Reinhart and Robert Gleave