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Imamiyah (Shiite): An Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudential Sects

5-1-4- the Sources of precepts of positive Law (argumentive/semi- argumentive)

–         Man lā Yaḥḍarah al-Faqīh, Sheikh Ṣadūq,

–         Al-Istibṣār fīmā Ikhtalafa min al-Akhbār, Ṭūsī, Muhammad b. al-Ḥasan (d. 460 A.H.),

–         Al-Mabsū, Ṭūsī, Muhammad b. al-Ḥasan (385- 460 A.H.),

–         Al-Sarā’ir al-āwī li-Tarīr al-Fatāwī, Ibn Idrīs Ḥillī, Ahmad b. Idrīs al-Ḥillī (d. 598 A.H.),

–         Al-Mu‘tabar fī Sharḥ Mukhtaar al-Nāfi‘, Muḥaqqiq Ḥillī, Ja‘far b. al-Ḥasan al-Hidhlī (d. 676 A.H.),

–         Īḍāḥ al-Qawā‘id fī Shar al- Qawā‘id, Fakhr al- Muḥaqqiqīn, Muhammad b. Ḥasan Ḥillī (d. 771 A.H.),

–         Qawā‘id al-Akām fī Ma‘rifah al-Ḥalāl wa al-arām, ‘Allāmah Ḥillī, Abū Manṣūr Ḥasan b. Yusuf (d. 726 A.H.),

–         Ghāyah al-Murād fī Shar Nukat al-Irshād (Irshād al-Adhhān), Shahīd Awwal,

–         Masālik al-Afhām (Shar Sharāyi‘ al-Islām), Shahīd al-Thānī, Zayn al-Dīn Ali al-‘Āmilī (d. 966 A.H.),

–         Al-Rawḍah al-Bahiyah fī Sharḥ Al-Lum‘ah al-Damishqīyah, Shahīd al-Thānī, Zayn al-Dīn Ali al-‘Āmilī (d. 966 A.H.),

–         Majm‘ al-Fā’idah wa al-Burhān, al-Ardibīlī, Ahmad b. Muhammad (d. 993 A.H.),

–         Jāmi‘ al-Maqāṣid fī Shar al-Qawā‘id, al-Muḥaqqiq al-Kurkī, Ali b. Ḥusein b. ‘Abd al-‘Ālī ‘Āmilī Kurkī (d. 940 A.H.),

–         Madārik al-Akām (Shar Sharāyi‘ al-Islām), ‘Āmilī, Muhammad b. Ali al- Mūsawī (d. 1009 A.H.),

–         Al-adā’iq al-Nāirah fī Fiqh al-‘Itrah al-āhirah, al-Baḥrānī, Yūsuf b. Ahmad Āli ‘Uṣfūr (d. 1186 A. H.),

–         Riyā al- Masā’il fī Bayān Akām al-Shar‘ bi-al-Dalā’il, Ṭabāṭabā’ī, Ali b. Muhammad (d. 1231 A.H.),

–         Mustanad al-Shī‘ah ilá Akām al-Sharī‘ah, al-Narāqī, Ahmad b. Muhammad Mahdī (d. 1245 A.H.),

–         Kashf al-Ghiā’, Sheikh Ja‘far Kbīr, Ja‘far b. Khiḍ jinājī Najafī (d. 1228 A.H.),

–         Jawāhir al-Kalām fī Shar Sharāyi‘ al-Islām, al-Najafī, Muhammad Ḥasan b. Muhammad Bāqir (d. 1266 A.H.),

–         Al-Makāsib, Anṣārī, Murtaḍā b. Muhammad Amīn al-Tustarī (d. 1281 A.H.),

–         Muṣbāḥ al-Faqīh (a commentary on Sharāyi‘ al-Islām), al-Hamidānī, Riḥā b. Muhammad (d. 1322 A.H.),

–         Tḥrīr al-Majillah (Majillah al-Aḥkām al-Thamānīyah li-al-Aḥwāl al-Shakhṣīyah), Muhammad Ḥusein Āli Kāshif al-Ghiṭā’ (d. 1373 A.H.),

–         Mustamsak al-‘urwah al-Wuthqá, al-Ḥakīm, Sayyid Muḥsin Ṭabāṭabā’ī Ḥakīm (d. 1390 A.H.),

–         Buḥūth Fiqhīyah, Sheikh Ḥusein Ḥillī, it has written down by Sayyid ‘Izz al-Dīn Baḥr al-‘ulūm,

–         Buḥūth fī Shar ‘urwah al-Wuthqá, Al-Shahīd al-Sayyid Muhammad Bāqir al-Ṣadr (d. 1400 A.H.),

–         Al-Makāsib al-Muḥarramah, al-Imam al-Khomeini, al-Sayyid Rūḥ Allah (d. 1409 A.H.),

–         Al- bay’, al-Imam al-Khomeini,

–         Mabānī Takmilah al-Minhāj, al-Khu’ī, Abū al-Qāsim al-Khu’ī (d. 1413 A.H.),

–         Miṣbāḥ al-Fiqāhah, al-Tawḥīdī (recounting of Ayatollah Khu’ī’s presentations),

–         Al-Mustanad, recounting of Ayatollah Khu’ī’s presentations written by some of his students,

–         Al-Tanqīḥ (a commentary on ‘urwah al-Wuthqá), al-Khu’ī. Written down by Sheikh Ali Ghirawī,

–         Muhadhab al-Akām, al-Sabzivārī, Sayyid ‘abd al-‘Alá Mūsawī Sabzivārī (d. 1412 A.H.),

–         Tafṣīl al-Sharī‘ah fī Shar Tḥrīr al-Wasīlah, Muhammad Fāḍil Lankarānī (d. 1430 A.H.),

–         Fiqh-i Siyāsī, ‘Abbās Ali ‘Amīd Zanjānī. (printed in 10 and 20 volumes)

 

5-1-5- the Sources of controversy Jurisprudence

–         Al-Intiṣār, ‘Alam al-Hudá, Ali b. al-Ḥusein (Sayyid Murtaḍā),

–         Kitāb al-Khilāf, al-Ṭūsī, Muhammad b. al-Ḥasan Ṭūsī (d. 460 A.H.),

–         Muntahá al-Maṭlab fī Taḥqīq al-Madhhab (known as al-Muntahá), ‘Allāmah Ḥillī, Abū Manṣūr Ḥasan b. Yusuf (d. 726 A.H.),

–         Mukhtalaf al-Shi‘ah fī Akām al-Sharī‘ah (known as al-Mukhtalaf), ‘Allāmah Ḥillī. He has also another book by the title of Tadhkirah al-al-Shi‘ah,

–         Tadhkirah al-Fuqahā’, ‘Allāmah Ḥillī, Abū Manṣūr Ḥasan b. Yusuf (d. 726 A.H.),

–         Al-Mukhtalaf Mukhtalaf al-Shi‘ahfī Akām al-Sharī‘ah, ‘Allāmah Ḥillī,

–         Al-M’talaf min al-Mukhtalaf, Sheikh Ṭabarsī,

–         Al-Inṣāf fī taḥqīq Masā’il al-Khilāf, Sheikh Muhammad Ṭāhā (d. 1323 A.H.),

–         Al-Fiqh ‘Alá al-Madhāhib al-Khamsah, Muhammad Jawād Mughnīyah (d. 1334A.H.)

 

Some Sunni Sources of Concurrent Jurisprudence

–         Al-Jazīrī, ‘Abd al-Raḥmān, Kitāb al-Fiqh ‘Alá al-Madhāhīb al-Arba‘ah, first impression, Beirut, dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyah, 1409/1988, five volumes (foolscap paper), 

–         Al-Ḥiṣrī, Ahmad Muhammad, Ikhtilaf Al-Fiqh wa al-Qaḍāyā al-Muta‘alliqah bi-hi fī al-Fiqh al-Islāmī al-Muqārin, first impression, Egypt, Maktabah al-Kullīyāt al-Azharīyah, 1409/1989, 542 pages, (printed in octavo),

–         Al-Khaṭīb, Ḥasan Ahmad, Al-Fiqh al-Muqārin, first impression, Egypt, al-Hay’ah al-Miṣrīyah al-‘Āmmah al-Kitāt, 1991, 412 pages, (printed in octavo),

–         Al-Zuḥaulī, Wahbah, al-Fiqh al-Islāmī wa Adillatuh, third impression, Damascus, Dār alFikr, 1409/1989, eight volumes (printed in octavo),

–         Al-Majlis al-A‘lá lil-Shu’ūn al-Islāmīyah, Musū‘ah al-Fiqh al-Islāmī, first impression, Cairo, Wizārah al-Awqāf (the ministry of endowments), 1410/1989, 20 volumes (foolscap paper),

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