Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Mousavi Khalkhali the prominent Shia jurist, religious scholars and the teacher of Hawza Ilmiyya of Mashhad, Iran passed away at the age of 94 in holy city of Mashhad, Iran.
Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Mousavi Khalkhali was born in 1925/1344 in the city of Rasht, northern Iran.
He migrated to Najaf at the age of sixteen in order to continue his education in Seminary of Najaf. He started his Islamic educations in the Najaf Seminary where he studied Arabic literature, logic, fiqh, usul al-fiqh and Islamic philosophy. His teachers were Sheikh Mojtaba Lankarani, Mirza Hassan Yazdi, Sheikh Mortaza Taleqani and Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Iravani.
He then attended the advance lectures (dars al-Kharij) of scholars such as Ayatollah Sayyid Muhsim al-Hakeem, Ayatollah Sheikh Hussain al-Hilli and Ayatollah Sayyid AbulQasim al-Khuei. He was the prominent student of Ayatollah Khuei.
Ayatollah Khalkhali also attended the philosophy lectures of Ayatollah Sheikh Sadra Badkoubei and Tafsir Lectures of Ayatollah Khoei.
Ayatollah Khalkhali was in the same kharij class with some prominent scholars such as Sheikh Mortaza Boroujerdi, Ayatollah Sistani, Sheikh Vahid Khorasani, Ayatollah Mirza Ali Falsafi, Sheikh Mirza Javad Tabrizi, Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Shahroudi, Ayatollah Ishaq Fayyaz and Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Javahiri.
He came back to Tehran in 1960and started the teaching of Rasail, Makasib and Kifaya. After some years he began teaching of dars al-kharij (advance lectures of Fiqh and Usul).
In 2006 he migrated to Mashhad and continued his teaching of dars al-kharij.
He got his permission of ijtihad from Grand Ayatollah Khoei.
Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Khalkhali passed away on December 21, 2019/25th of Rabi al-Thani 1441 at the age of 95 in holy city of Mashhad, Iran.
Madarik al-ʻUrwat al-Wuthqa
Shariāt and Government
What are the things which khums become an obligation upon
and some other books about Mahdaviyat
what follows is some written ijtihad permissions from Ayatollah Khoei to Ayatollah Khalkhali: