Home / All / The Establishment of the Position of Marjaʻīyat-i Taqlīd in the Twelver-Shīʻī Community

The Establishment of the Position of Marjaʻīyat-i Taqlīd in the Twelver-Shīʻī Community

The marjaʻīyat have played an important role in the political life of Shīʻī Iran. They strongly resisted foreign economic and political influences. They collaborated with Iranian liberal forces to serve the case of Justice and constitutionalism.

Nineteenth-century Iran witnessed the advent of a new socioreligious institution. While the theory of a divinely appointed Imam (Imām al-Manṣūb) increasingly became eschatological in nature, a highly centralized religious position came into being whose source of power was not to be found in the classical Shi’i doctrine. The position of marjaʻīyat-i taqlīd is a product of several religious developments that characterized the nineteenth-century Shīʻī community. The prevalence of the Uṣūlī school and the formulation of two important doctrines, i.e., aʻlamīyyat (more knowledgeability) and vilāyat-i faqīh (the governance of the jurist) are held as three major juridical impetuses underlying the birth of the institution of marjaʻīyyat-i taqlīd. Therefore, we will first deal with the Uṣūlī process, then the doctrines of aʻlamīyyat and vilāyat-i faqīh, then with the qualifications of a marjʻ, and the question of who the first marjaʻ of the Twelver-Shīʻī community was, and finally the place of marjaʻ-i taqlīd in the political life of Shi’i Iran.

Bibliographic Information

Title: The Establishment of the Position of Marjaʻīyat-i Taqlid in the Twelver-Shīʻī Community

Author(s): Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

Published in:  Iranian Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1 (Winter, 1985)

 Language: English

Length: 17 pages

The Establishment of the Position of Marjaʻīyat-i Taqlid in the Twelver-Shīʻī Community

 

 

 

About Ali Teymoori

Check Also

The Political Role of Imam Al-Sajjad (ʿa) in Reviving the Revolution of Ashura from the Viewpoint of Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

Through his perseverance, resistance, lack of submission, and delivery of fiery sermons in Kufah and Damascus, Imam al-Sajjad (ʿa) was able to turn the public opinion against Yazīd and turn a formerly safe environment in to an unsafe one for the...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Google Analytics Alternative