The aim of this book is to investigate the relations between Muslims and the people of the book and how they are connected to each other and who are the people of the book.
Since the advent of Islam the life of Muslims and their society has been mutually connected to other groups andreligions in differentways. The Holy Quran, responsive to basic individual and social needs in all eras, has in many verses treated the topic of People of the Book (Ahl-ul-Kitab) and emphasized harmonious relations with them. The Quran and the tradition of the Prophet of Islam and the infallible Imams (A.S.) have explicitly recommended peaceful or religious co-existence with such other groups. Islam has overtaken other religions to guarantee freedom of minorities, uphold their honor and acknowledge their rights. The Holy Quran has ordered Muslims to communicate with People of the Book through the “best dispute” and “peaceful dialogue” and to build relations based on the principles they share. They are the basic principles in Shiite Jurisprudence, a truth found everywhere in this book.
About the Author
Hujjat-ul-Islam Mohammad Hussein Mokhtari is the head of the University of Islamic Denomination in Tehran, Iran.
Table of Contents
Existence of religions as a valuable opportunity
Globalization, Issue of Dialogue among Religions and Preservation of its Achievement
Globalization and the convergence of religions
Globalization as an opportunity for Pure Natures
Assiduous attention of Religious Scholars to Strengthen Moral and Spiritual Basis of Human Communities
Chapter one: Relations between Muslims and the People of the Book
1- Social Relations
- A) Respect for the Divine Religions
- B) Marriage
- C) Food of the People of the Book
2- Moral and Human Relationship
- Greeting (Salam)
Messages of the verse under discussion
- Human and Islamic politeness…
- Observing politeness with other nations..
- Significance of Greeting in Traditions
- B) Trust and keeping the contract
- Meaning of trust
- Trust in Islam
- Impact of trust on the individual
- Social impact of trust
- Quranic praise of trusteeship of the People of the Book
Interpretation of the verse
Fulfillment of obligations and human nature
Constancy to agreement: promotion of social, economic and political relations between nations
Constancy to agreement and the most important human responsibility
- C) The best dispute
The best dispute from the perspective of Shiite scholars
Allameh Tabataba’i and the best dispute with People of the Book
The best dispute in traditions
- D) Politeness and moral instructions.
Islam and the invitation to peaceful co-existence
The fight of the Holy Quran against racial discrimination
The fight against racism in traditions
Good social behavior
Forgiving People of the Book in the path of the Imams (A.S).
Justice for all
Justice in the Holy Quran
Politeness and moral instructions in verses
Instances of observing politeness and way of speaking in the Quran
Instances of observing politeness and way of speaking in traditions
The Holy Quran and human dignity
Human dignity in traditions.
Freedom of belief and religion
- E) Economic relations
Binding obligations as a clear necessity for a society
Vastness in the light of fulfillment of obligations
Obligations and Fulfillment Comparison of Islam with other social traditions
Statements about agreements
Chapter Two: Who are Ahlul-Kitab (or People of the Book)?
Are People of the Book pagans or atheists?
Reasons of believers who regard People of the Book as polytheists
- A) The Sonship Verse
- B) Godhood Verse
- C) Verses in the Holy Quran implying Christian’ Belief in Divinity of Jesus
Reasons that not all People of the Book are polytheists
- A) The principle that followers of heavenly religions are monotheists
- B) Monotheistie verses in the Old Testament and the New Testament
- Belief in a beginning
- Belief in the future life
- Emphasis on oneness of God
- Refutation of Divinity attributed to Jesus
- Jesus is the prophet and the one selected by God
Monotheistic verses in Torah and Gospels from the perspective of scholars
- C) Monotheistic Christians in History
Chapter three: Purity or Impurity of the People of the Book
The holy verse does not include the People of the Book
Different Quranic commands about the People of the Book and infidels.
Ambiguity of the verse.
Spiritual and ideological dirtiness in the meaning of “unclean” in the verse and its reasons.
The word unclean used as “filthy” in narrations
The term filth رجس
Criticism and analysis
Evidence on the purity of the People of the Book
Traditions related to the verse and their analyses
Traditions on the purity of the People of the Book
Reconciliation between two sets of Traditions
Evidence of the purity of human beings
- Ritual-ablution of a dead Muslim by a non-Muslim.
- Marriage of a Muslim and a non-Muslim
- Breast-feeding of a Muslim baby by a non-Muslim.ve
- Eating with a non-Muslim.
Title: People of the book: a joristic approach
Author: Muhammad Hussain Mukhtari
Publisher: Al-Mustafa International translation & Publication Centre
Pub. Date: 2015/02/02