This article will argue that divisions within the American Shiʿi community are often exacerbated by the establishment of ethnic institutions that act as cultural buffers...
This paper examines the new diasporic jurisprudence that has emerged within Shi'i juridical circles. Shi'i jurists (maraji‘) have responded to the needs of Shi‘i communities that live as minorities in the West by...
In the United States, at least a quarter of the Muslims are thought to be converts. Nevertheless, conversion to Islam in North America only received substantial media and academic attention after the September 11th attacks. Little research has been done on Western women who convert to Shi‘i Islam. To fill ...
This paper will argue that the principle of a lacuna in Shi’i law can empower jurists to go beyond the traditional parameters of the shari’a. The principle allows for an expansion of Islamic law since jurists can...