Wed , May 22 2019
Home / Muslim Scholars / Biographies / Miqdād Ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥillī al-Suyūrī

Miqdād Ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥillī al-Suyūrī

Al-Miqdād b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad al-Ḥillī al-Suyūrī (d. 826/1423), known as al-Fāḍil al-Miqdād was a Shi’a jurist and theologian.

Al-Fāḍil al-Miqdād was born to a family from Banu Asad tribe in Suyur, a village of Hillah, Iraq. After passing scholarly levels and obtaining spiritual virtues, he moved to Najaf, and stayed there to the end of his life. Al-Shahid al-Awwal was one of his most famous students. Shaykh Muhammad b. Shuja’ Qattan known as Ibn Qattan, and al-Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli were among his students. His most prominent work in fiqh is Kanz al-‘irfan fi fiqh al-Qur’an in which he examines jurisprudential verses of the Holy Qur’an. His other book is Al-Lawami’ al-ilahiyya fi l-mabahith al-kalamiyya which is in theology.
Abu ‘Abd Allah Miqdad b. Muhammad b. Husayn b. Muhammad al-Suyuri al-Hilli al-Asadi al-Gharawi, known as Fadil Miqdad and Fadil Suyuri was one of the great personalities of Shi’a and expert in both intellectual and narrative sciences. He was a notable jurist and a worthful theologian. Biographers who wrote about him admired and praised him.
Although, he had a high status among Shi’a scholars, and his books were very common in various fields; not much have been reported from his life. What has been reported is that he was a resident of Suyur (a village of Hillah, Iraq); he was from Bani Asad tribe and lived in Iraq; when Al-Shahid al-Awwal immigrated to Najaf, he attended his classes; he passed away in 826/1423 and was buried in Najaf.

His teachers:
•    al-Shahid al-Awwal
•    Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin
•    Sayyid Dia’ al-Din ‘Abd Allah al-A’raji
•    Sayyid ‘Amid al-Din

His students:
•    Shaykh Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Shuja’ Qattan al-Ansari al-Hilli, known as Ibn Qattan author of the book Ma’alim al-Din fi Fiqh Al Yasin
•    Radi al-Din ‘Abd al-Malik b. Shams al-Din Ishaq b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Fathan Hafiz al-Qummi
•    Shaykh Zayn al-Din ‘Ali b. Hasan b. ‘Alala
•    Shaykh Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli[2] In some sources, Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali b. Hillal al-Jaza’iri has been counted as one of Fadil Miqdad’s students. However, in his introduction to al-Lawami’ al-ilahiyya, Sayyid Muhammad ‘Ali Qadi Tabataba’i rejects this claim mentioning various evidences and says al-Jaza’iri was a student of Ibn Fahd al-Hilli.

Works
•  Risala adab al-hajj
•  Al-Ad’iya al-thalathun
•  Al-Arba’un hadithan
•  Irshad al-talibin ila nahj al-mustarshidin
•  Sharh alfiyya (written by al-Shahid al-Awwal)
•  Al-Anwar al-jaliyya fi sharh al-fusul al-nasiriyya (written by Nasir al-Din Tusi)
•  Tajwid al-bara’a fi sharh tajrid al-balagha
•  Al-Tanqih al-ra’i’ fi sharh mukhtasar al-nafi’
•  Al-Jami’ al-fawa’id fi talkhis al-qawa’id
•  Sharh si fasl (written by Nasir al-Din Tusi)
•  Kanz al-‘irfan fi fiqh al-Qur’an
•  Al-Lawami’ al-ilahiyya fi l-mabahith al-kalamiyya
•  Al-Nafi’ yawm al-hashr fi sharh al-bab al-hadi ‘Ashr
•  Nadd al-dawa’id al-fiqhiyya ‘ala madhhab al-imamiyya
•  Nahj al-shadad fi sharh wajib al-i’tiqad (written by al-‘Allama al-Hilli)
•  Sharh Mabadi al-usul (written by al-‘Allama al-Hilli)
•  Tafsir Mughmadat al-Quran

Related Post

Check Also

Video: Why Allama Amini Kissed His Wife’s Hand?

“It has been said famously that on my parents’ wedding night when my mother’s uncle encouraged the bride and the groom to hold each other’s hands together, my father – now although he was an Allameh – bent down and kissed my mother’s hand in...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Google Analytics Alternative