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Muslim Scholar biography

Dūzdūzāni, Yadullāh Dūzdūzānī

Place of birth: Tabriz

Born

Ayatollah Dozdozani son of Haj Abdolhamid was born in 1935. in the city of Tabriz, Iran into a religious family. His father was a religious and beneficent merchant in Tabriz city. His ancestors had immigrated to Tabriz city from Duzduzan village about 70 kilometers East of Tabriz before they dwelt in this city.

Education

His eminence attended Maktab (a kind of elementary school in old days of iran) to learn Arabic and Persian literacy in the year 1322 SH. His eminence learned Moghaddamat from late Haj Mir Mahmoud Aga who was a noted man in Tabriz city and late Aga Mirza Farajollah, then to receive higher education his eminence attended Hassan Pasha seminary (it is located in the Saheb-ol-Amr -as – Square). After a while, he achieved renown for his eagerness to learn literature and religious sciences amongest his fellow classmates. Afterwards, his eminence attended Talebie seminary (located in Mosque Jamehof Tabriz) to receive education from other teachers and he completed Sat’h courses -Mantegh, Usul and Lom’atein:Sharhullam’a-d-Dimeshqiya volumes 1 & 2 by Shahid Al-Thani- at the time. His eminence took part in classes of great teachers such as Late Haj Mirza Ali Asgar Baghmeshei, late Haj Mirza Ali Asghar Akhijahani, late Haj Seyyed Reza Marandi and late Mirza Abolfazl Sarabi.

Immigration to Qum

His eminence immigrated to Qom to complete his education in the year 1332 SH when he was less than 18 years old. He keenly finished the Sath courses under the supervision of great teachers such as late Ayatollah Haj Mirza Mojahed Tabrizi.

Higher education

After performing the Hajj and going on pilgrimage to Atabat-e-Aliat (Iraq) in the year 1958, Ayatollah Dozdozani started taking the Kharij courses under the supervision of great teachers of that time. He attended the late Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi’s Kharij course and shortly after Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi passed away his eminence attended the great leader of Islamic revolution Grand Ayatollah Khomeini’s Usul course which had been holding in Salmasi Mosque for a while. Then his eminence took part in late Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari’s Kharij-e-Fiqh and Usul classes. His eminence was one of the outstanding and distinguished students of that late blessed man and he had done almost a complete Fiqh and Usul course for 25 years with that great teacher (Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari). His eminence also benefited from Grand Ayatollah Golpaygani’s Kharij course. Finally his eminence honored through receiving Reva’ei authorization from Grand Ayatollahs Shariatmadari and Golpaygani(may Allah be pleased with them).

Philosophy course

His eminence took part in the author of Tafsir al-Mizan (an interpretation of the Qur’an) late Allameh Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei’s Asfar class while he was teaching Sabzavari’s Manzumah’s course to some of Hawza scholars for some time.

Interest in Quran

Since the early part of his school career Grand Ayatollah Dozdozani has had eagerness to learn Quran. He has started the Qur’anic exegesis since 1382 AH (1342 SH) and he nowadays remains engaged in teaching Quranic exegesis. He was teaching the Qur’anic exegesis based on the chapter arrangement of “the Kompani’s interpretation ” for a while, but he recently has based his exegesis on thematic exegesis of the word of God. The fruits of the effort have turned into several books which some of them have been published.

Social and Religious Services

In addition to teaching and propagation of divine commandments in Qom, Tehran, Karaj and Tabriz cities, his eminence has provided a variety of worthy social services, including:

a) Construction of Javad-ol-Aemmah (peace be upon him) mosque on the Jeihoon avenue, Tehran, Iran. The mosque now is well-run as Haj Kazim mosque and is being used.

b) Reconstruction of old Shasto-Se-Sotun mosque which dates back to four hundred years ago. The mosque has been abandoned until quite recently, but it was repaired by his efforts and nowadays is one of the active mosques in Tabriz city.

c) Dispatching missionaries to various areas in Iran:

His eminence sent missionaries to teach villagers of 500 villages around Kaleibar County in East Azarbaijan Province about religious beliefs and to prevent false religious beliefs and Ghulat’s beliefs from spreading throughout the region. His eminence paid for construction of an approved residence for dispatching missionaries. While under the provision of the mission, dispatched missionaries must not accept any missionary payment from others. The region was strongly influenced by the idea and also it was performed in other regions, including Zaaghe district in Khorram Abad, Hashtrud and Shahr-e-Rey.

d) Taking action against religious deviants:

Due to the increase in the activities of deviate groups and sects such as Sufia, Bahaiiat and Wahhabism, Ayatollah Dozdozani in cooperation with late Hojjat-ul-Islam-val-Moslemin Aga Sheikh Davud Elhami and Hojjat-ul-Islam-val-Moslemin Haj Sheikh Mohammad Mardani established an institute for taking action against these activities in 1375 S.H. The institute has published several pocketbooks and has distributed them for free which include:

1. Sufism from the perspective of Holy Imams (peace be upon them)

2. The emergence of Sufism among the Shia Muslims

3. Nematollahi and Gonabadi sects

4. Zahbiie, Oveisiie and Khaksariie sects

5. A short journey to the creed of Ahl-e Haqq (Ali-aIlahi-s)

6. Two core beliefs of Wahhabism

7. Bahaism, Sufism’s begotten

This institute also is proceeding to buy and distribute some other books which are advantageous to people and which deal with the subject.

e) Establishing religious meetings

His eminence established meetings to propagate Islam. These meetings were holding in a new way to meet the younger generation’s need. These meetings were holding in the two sections of adults and children:

a. The Doctrine of Ali (peace be upon him) religious meeting established in 1353 SH in Tabriz. These mobile meetings were holding weekly in a new way with a tribune and seats for participants which most of them were young and educated people.

b. Weekly meetings for religious education of children who were seven to twelve years old in fifty mosque of Tabriz city which were arranged by eighty people of clergymen and businessmen of the city. A total of one thousand people were participating in these meetings. Participants in addition to learning Quran and training commandments, beliefs and Islamic psalms, were learning how to debate with opponents.

Teaching

While he was studying in Qom city, Grand Ayatollah Dozdozani taught previous courses and textbooks to the scholars of Hawza. His eminence prioritized study in that time and had no recreation and preoccupation other than teaching and studying and he hasn’t dealt with political and social issues in this period of his life. His eminence has started to teach Kharij Fiqh and Usul courses in Qom Hawza since 1400 AH and has taught different subjects of Fiqh and Usul. A significant number or scholarly students of Hawza have attended his class since then.

Works

1. Courses about revelation of Qur’an – published

2. Courses about Death, Life, Purgatory and Signs of Doomsday – published

3. The nice investigation of the noble signature (Arabic: Tahgig-al LatifHawl-al Togie-al Sharif) – limited publishing

4. Courses about Akhirah – prepared for publication

5. Taghrirat-e Fiqh of travelers’ prayers – prepared for publication

6. The book of Qisas (had been written and taught as a textbook in 1406 AH) – prepared for publication

7. Commentary on Urvat ul-Wusgha – limited publishing

8. Journal of clarified questions (Farsi: Resalah-yetozih-al-masael) – published

9. Hajj rituals (Farsi: Manasik-e Hajj) – published

10. Guidance of believers tract (Farsi: Resalah-ye Ershad-olMomenin) – published

11. Approach of righteous people (Arabic: Minhaj-olSalehin) – limited publishing

12. The crescent moon tract (Farsi: Risala-ye-Hilaliie)– limited publishing

13. Additions to Journal of clarified questions (Farsi: Molhaghat-e-Risaleh-ye Tozih-al Masael) – limited publishing

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