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Ḥanafīyah: An Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudential Sects

Endnotes

1- See: al-Shak‘ah, Muṣṭafá, al-A’immah al-Arba‘ah, Dār al-Kitāb al-Lubnānī, 1985.

2- It is a very famous book that is written in four volumes. There are many annotations on this book, such as: al-Ghāyah, by Sarūjī; al-Kifāyah, by Kirlāfī; al-Wiqāyah, by Tāj al-Sharī‘ah; al-Niqāyah, by Ṣadr al-Sharī‘ah; al-Nihāyah, by Saghnāqī; Ḥāshīyah al-Nihāyah, by Qawnawī; Mi‘rāj al-Dirāyah, by Qwām al-Dīn Kākī; al-‘Ināyah, by Bābartī; and al-Bināyah, by ‘Aynī.

3- there are many annotations and commentaries on this book, such as: al-Baḥr al-Rā’iq fī Shrḥ Kanz al-Daqā’iq, by Ibn Najīm; Tabyīn al-Ḥqā’iq fī Shrḥ Kanz al-Daqā’iq, by ‘Uthmān b. Ali Zayla‘ī (includes 30 chapters); Ramz al-Ḥqā’iq, by ‘Aynī; al-Nahr al-Fā’iq, by ‘Umar b. Najīm; Minḥah al-Khāliq, by Ibn ‘Ābidīn; Kashf al-Ḥaqā’iq, by Afghānī; etc.

4- Qāḍī Muhammad Ḥusein Jawnbawrī, Sayyid Ali Akbar Sa‘d Allah Khān, Mullá Ḥāmid Jawnbawrī, and Muhammad Ikrām Lāhawrī.

5- Some other important Ḥanafī jurists and books are as follows:

–         Awzjandī Farghānī (d. 592 A.H.): Fatāwá Qāḍīkhān,

–         Burhān al-Sharī‘ah Maḥmūd b. Ahmad Maḥbūbī Ḥanafī (d. 673 A.H.): Waqāyah al-Riwāyah fī Masā’il al-Hidāyah,

–         Zayla‘ī (d. 742 A.H.), Tabyīn al-Ḥqā’iq,

–         Ibn Wahbān, ‘Abd al-Wahhāb b. Ahmad b. Wahbān al-Ḥārith, a judge and a literary man (d. 768 A.H.): al-Manẓūmah al-Wahbānīyah. ‘Abd al-Jalīl al-‘Aṭā’ al-Bakrī has set up an inquiry into this book, and it is published by Dār al-Fikr press, containing a commentary by Ibn al-Shaḥnah.

–         Bābartī (d. 786 A.H.): Shrḥ al-‘Ināyah,

–         Abū Bakr Ḥddādī Baghdādī (d. 800 A.H.): al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah,

–         Asrawshnī (d. 632 A.H.): Aḥkām al-Ṣighār,

–         Ibn Qāḍī Samāwah (or Samāwanah), Sheikh Maḥmūd b. Ismā’īl (d. 818 or 823 A.H.): Jāmi‘ al-Fuṣūlayn (including two chapters),

–         Ibn Kurdī (d. 827 A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Bazzāzīyah,

–         Ṭarāblusī (d. 844 A.H.): Mu‘īn al-Ḥukkām fīmā Yataraddu bayn al-Khaṣmayn min al-Aḥkām,

–         ‘Aynī (d. 855 A.H.): al-Bināyah fī Shrḥ al-Hidāyah,

–         Ibn Shaḥnah (d. 882 A.H.): Lisān al-Ḥukkām fī Ma‘rifah al-Aḥkām,

–         Ibrāhīm Ḥalabī (d. 956 A.H.): Multaqá al-Abḥur,

–         Qāḍīzādah (d. 988 A.H.): Natā’ij al-Afkār,  

–         Shalbī (d. 1000 A.H.): Ḥāshīyah ‘alá Tabyīn al-Ḥqā’iq,

–         Tamrtāshī (d. 1004 A.H.): Tanwīr al-Abṣār,

–         Ghānim b. Muhammad al-Baghdādī (d. 1030 A.H.): Majma‘ al-Ḍimānāt,

–         Muhammad b. Sulaymān, known as Dāmād Afandī (d. 1079 A.H.): Majma‘ al-Anḥur fī Shrḥ Multaqá al-Abḥur,

–         Sheikhīzādah (d. 1078 A.H.): Majma‘ al-Anḥur,

–         Ramlī (d. 1081 A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Khayrīyah,

–         Ḥimawī, Shahāb al-Dīn Abū al-‘Abbās Ahmad b. Muhammad Ḥuseinī Miṣrī (d. 1098 A.H.): Ghamz ‘Uyūn al-Baṣā’ir. It is a commentary on al-Ashbāh wa al-Naẓā’ir written by Ibn Najīm (includes 2 chapters),

–         Al-Ṭaḥṭāwī (d. 1231 A.H.): Ḥāshīyah Marāqī al-Falāḥ,

–         Muhammad b. Muhammad Amīn b. ‘Ābidīn (d. 1306 A.H.): Qurrah ‘Uyūn al-Khiyār (it is a supplement to Ḥāshīyah Ibn ‘Ābidīn),

–         Ali Ḥaydar (d. 1353 A.H.): Durr al-Ḥukkām,

Famous Ḥanafī books and treatises regarding issuing fatwas are as follows:

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Hindīyah fī Madhhab al-Imām al-A‘ẓam Abī Ḥanīfah al-Nakha = Fatāwā-i ‘Ālamgīr, al-Sheikh Niẓām al-Dīn and some other Indian scholars,

–         Al-Jāmi‘ al-Wajīz, known as al-Fatāwá al-Bazzāzīyah, Muhammad b. Muhammad Shahāb Kardarī, entitled as Ḥāfiẓ al-Dīn b. Bazzāz, (d. 827 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Wilwālijīyah, ‘Abd al-Rashīd Wilwālijī (d. circa 540 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Khānīyah,

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Ẓahīrīyah, Ẓahīr al-Dīn Muhammad Bukhārī (d. 619 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Ṭarṭūsīyah, Ibrāhīm Ṭarṭūsī (d. 758 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-TaTārkhānīyah, Ibn ‘Alā’ al-Dīn (d. 800 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Khayrīyah, Khayr al-Dīn Ramlī (d. 1081 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Anqarwīyah, Muhammad Afandī Anqarwī (d. 1098 A.H.),

–         Al-Fatāwá al-Ḥāmidīyah, Ḥāmid Afandī,

–          Al-Fatāwá al-Mahdīyah fī al-Waqāyi‘ al-Miṣrīyah,

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