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Ḥanafīyah: An Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudential Sects

5- The Most Important Jurists and Books

–         Abū Ḥanīfah Na‘mān b. Thābit (d. 150 A.H.), founder of the school,

–         Abū Yūsuf Ya‘qūb b. Ibrāhīm Anṣārī (d. 198 A.H.): al-Kharāj, al-Āthār, Ikhtilāf Abī Ḥanīfah wa Ibn Abī Laylī,

–         Muhammad b. Ḥasan Shaybānī (d. 189 A.H.): al-Mabsūṭ, al-Jāmi‘ al-Ṣaghīr, al- Jāmi‘ al-Kabīr, al-Ziyādāt, al-Ḥujjah ‘alá Ahl al-Madīnah,

–         Zafar b. Hudhayl (d. 158 A.H.),

–         Ḥasan b. Ziyād Lu’lu’ī (d. 204 A.H.),

–         Ḥākim Marwazī, Abū al-Faḍl Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Ahmad Sullamī Balkhī, known as Ḥākim al-Shahīd (d. 334 A.H.): al-Kāfī, it is an abridgement of Shaybānī’s book, al-Mabsūṭ,

–         Abū Ja‘far Ahmad b. Muhammad Ṭaḥāwī (d. 321 A.H.): al- Jāmi‘ al-Kabīr fī al-Shurūṭ, al-‘Aqā’id al-Ṭaḥāwīyah (regarding religious persuasions),

–         Ahmad b. ‘Umar (=‘Amr or Mihr or Mahīr) Khaṣṣāf (d. 261 A.H.): Kitāb al-Ḥiyal, Kitāb al-Waqf,

–         Abū al-Ḥasan Ahmad b. Muhammad Qadūrī Bakhdādī (d. 428 A.H.): al-Mukhtaṣar,

–         Sarakhsī, Shams al-A’immah Muhammad b. Ahmad (d. circa 483 A.H.): al-Mabsūṭ fī Sharḥ al-Kāfī (includes 30 chapters),

–         ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Abū Bakr b. Mas‘ūd b. Ahmad Kāshānī (d. 587 A.H.): Badā’i‘ al-Ṣanāyi‘ fī Tartīb al-Sharāyi‘ (includes 7 chapters),

–          ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Abū Manṣūr Muhammad b. Ahmad Samarqandī (d. 584 A.H.): Tuḥfah al-Fuqahā’,

–         Marghayānī, Burhān al-Dīn Abū al-Ḥasan Ali b. Abī Bakr Marghayānī Rāshidānī (d. 593 A.H.): al-Hidāyah ( it is a commentary on Bidāyah al-Mubtadī),

–         ‘Abd Allah Mūṣilī, Majd al-Dīn Abū al-Faḍl ‘Abd Allah b. Maḥmūd b. Mawdūd (d. 683 A.H.): al-Mukhtār, and its commentary: al-Ikhtiyār fī Ta‘līl al-Mukhtār,

–         Ibn Sā‘ātī, Ahmad b. Ali Ḥanafī (d. 694 A.H.): Majma‘ al-Baḥrayn wa Multaqá al-Nahrayn,

–         Ḥāfiẓ al-Dīn ‘Abd Allah b. Ahmad b. Maḥmūd Nasafī (d. 710 A.H.): Kanz al-Daqā’iq,

–         Kamāl al-Dīn Ibn Hammām, Muhammad b. Hammām al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Wāḥid Iskandarī Sīwāsī (d. 861 A.H.): Fatḥ al-Qadīr (includes 8 chapters),

–         Mullā Khusraw, Muhammad b. Farāmarz Rūmī (d. 885 A.H.): Durar al-Ḥikām fī Shrḥ Ghurar al-Aḥkām. (Sharanbalānī has written an annotations on this book by the name of: Ghunyah Dhawi al-Aḥkām),

–         Ibn Najīm Zayn al-Dīn ‘Umar b. Ibrāhīm b. Muhammad Miṣrī (d. 970 A.H.): al-Baḥr al-Rā’iq fī Shrḥ Kanz al-Daqā’iq (includes 8 chapters), al-Ashbāh wa al-Naẓā’ir,

–         Muhammad ‘Alā’ al-Dīn Ḥaṣfakī (d. 1088 A.H.): al-Durr al-Mukhtār fī Shrḥ Tanwīr al-Abṣār (includes 2 chapters),

–         Mawlá Sheikh Niẓām al-Dīn Barhānbūrī (d. 11th century A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Hindīyah = al-Fatāwá al-‘Ālim  Kayrīyah (in cooperation with some Indian scholars. This book is written in reply to the request of Indian ruler, Awrang Zayb ‘Ālamgīr. It includes six parts, and its margins contain al-Fatāwá al-Khānīyah (by: Maḥmūd Awzjandī Qāḍīkhān Ḥasan b. Manṣūr, d. 592 A.H.) and al-Fatāwá al-Bazzāzīyah (by: Ḥāfiẓ al-Dīn Muhammad, known as Ibn Bazzāz, d. 827 A.H.),

–         Muhammad Amīn known as Ibn ‘Ābidīn (d. 1252 A.H.): Radd al-Muḥtār ‘alá al-Durr al-Mukhtār = Ḥāshīyah Ibn ‘Ābidīn. It includes 7 chapters, in addition to two supplements under the titles of: Nashr al-‘Urf fī Binā’ Ba‘ḍ al-Aḥkām ‘alá al-‘Urf, and al-‘Uqūd al-Durrīyah fī Tanqīḥ al-Fatāwá al-Ḥāmidīyah.

–         Sheikh ‘Abd al-Ghanī Ghanīmī Maydānī (d. 1298 A.H.): al-Lubāb fī Shrḥ al-Kitāb, Shrḥ al-‘Aqā’id al-Ṭaḥāwīyah (regarding religious persuasions),

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