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Shafeiyah: An Introduction to Islamic Jurisprudential Sects

5- The Most Important Shāfi‘ī Jurists and Books

–         Muhammad b. Idrīs Shāfi‘ī (d. 204 A.H.): Al-Umm, It is published in 7 volumes containing a short annotation by Ismā‘īl Muznī (d. 264 A.H.); Al-Risālah, regarding uṣūl al-fiqh;

–         Muznī, Abū Ibrāhīm Ismā‘īl b. Yaḥyá (d. 264 A.H.): al-Mukhtaṣar,

–         Muhammad Ḥuseinī Ḥiṣnī Damishqī (d. 4th century A.H.): Kifāyah al-Akhbār,

–         Māwardī (d. 450 A.H.): al-Aḥkām al-Sulṭānīyah, al-Ḥāvī,

–         Shīrāzī, Abū Isḥāq Ibrāhīm b. Ali b. Yūsuf (d. 476 A.H.), al-Muhadhdhab (including 2 parts), al-Lam‘ and its commentary, regarding uṣūl al-fiqh,

–         Ḍiyā’ al-Dīn Abū al-Ma‘ālī ‘Abd al-Malik Imām al-Ḥaramayn Juwaynī (d. 478 A.H.): Nihāyah al-Maṭlab fī Dirāyah al-Madhhab,

–         Zayn al-Dīn Muhammad Ṭūsī, entitled as Imām Ghazālī (d. 505 A.H.): al-Wajīz fī fiqh al-Imām al-Shāfi‘ī (including 2 chapters), al-Wasīṭ fī Furū‘ al-Madhhab al-Shāfi‘ī, al-Basīṭ fī Furū‘ al-Fiqh (it has various translations),

–         Shāshī Qaffāl (d. 507 A.H.): Ḥilyah al-‘Ulamā’,

–         Baghwī (d. 516 A.H.): al-Tahdhīb,

–         Abū Shujā‘ (d. 593 A.H.): Matn Abī Shujā‘,

–         Rāfi‘ī, Abū al-Qāsim ‘Abd al-Karīm b. Muhammad (d. 623 A.H.): al-Muḥarrar (an adaptation of al-Wajīz, Ghazālī), Fatḥ al-‘Azīz fī Sharḥ al-Wajīz,

–         Nawwī, Abū Zakarīyā Muḥī al-Dīn Yaḥyá b. Sharaf Kharāmī (d. 676 A.H.): al-Majmū‘ fī Sharḥ al-Muhadhdhab (it is the most important book of Shāfi‘īyah, which is published in 12 volumes containing a supplement by Taqī al-Dīn Sabkī), Rawḍah al-Ṭālibīn, Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn (an abridged of al-Muḥarrar, Rāfi‘ī), al-Fatāwá al-Ma‘rūfah bi-al-Masā’il al-Manthūrah,

–         Muḥillī, Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Muhammad (791-864 A.H.): Kanz al-Rāghibīn (it is one of well-known eight commentaries on Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī; which is very famous and some annotation are written on it),

–         Zakarīyā Anṣārī, Sheikh al-Islām Abū Yaḥyá Zakarīyā b. Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Zakarīyā Anṣārī Sinīkī Miṣrī (d. 926 A.H.): Asná al-Maṭālib, Tuḥfah al-Ṭullāb, Minhaj al-Ṭullāb (it is an abridged of Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī),

–         Jalāl al-Dīn al-Siyūṭī (d. 911 A.H.): al-Ashbāh wa al-Naẓā’ir,

–         Ibn Ḥajar Haytamī (d. 974 A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Kubrá, Tuḥfah al-Muḥtāj ilá Sharḥ al-Minhāj (a commentary on Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī),

–         Khaṭīb Sharbīnī (d. 977 A.H.): Mughnī al-Muḥtāj, al-Iqnā‘ fī Ḥall Alfāẓ Abī Shujā‘,

–         Ramlī (d. 1004 A.H.): al-Fatāwá, Nihāyah al-Muḥtāj fī Sharḥ al-Minhāj (a commentary on Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī),

–         Walī al-Dīn Abū al-Faḍl Muhammad b. Ali (d. after 972 A.H.): al-Nihāyah ( a commentary on al-Ghāyah wa al-Taqrīb known as Matn Abī Shujā‘, written by Abū Shujā‘ Iṣfahānī),

Endnotes

1- Since fourth century, Syria entered in the realm of Shāfi‘ī school.

2- There are many commentaries on al-Muhadhdhab, from which al-Majmū‘, written by Nawwī is the most famous one.

3- Some of them are as follows:

·        ‘Umayrah, Shahāb al-Dīn Ahmad Rilsī (d. 957 A.H.), Ḥāshīyah al-‘Umayrah ‘alá Kanz al-Rāghibīn (a commentary on Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī),

·        Qalyūbī (d. 1069 A.H.), Ḥāshīyah ‘alá Kanz al-Rāghibīn (a commentary on Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn, Nawwī)

4- Sharqāwī (d. 1227 A.H.), he has written a famous annotation on Tuḥfah al-Ṭullāb known as Ḥāshīyah al-Sharqāwī.

5- It is titled as Nihaj al-Ṭullāb, too. There are many annotations on it, including: Ḥāshīyah al-Jamal=Futūḥāt al-Wahhāb fī Sharḥ Minhāj al-Ṭālibīn written by Sulaymān b. ‘Umar b. Manṣūr al-‘Ajīlī Azharī known as Jamal (d. 1204 A.H.).

6- Bajīrmī (d. 1221 A.H.) has written a annotation on Sharḥ al-Iqnā‘ by title of Ḥāshīyah al-Bajīrmī.

7- Al-Nihāyah fī Sharḥ al-Ghāyah is written by Walī al-Dīn Abū al-Faḍl Muhammad b. Ali b. Sālim al-Shabshīrī (d. after 972 A.H.), who was a follower of Shāfi‘īyah School (regarding jurisprudence) and Ash‘arī belief (regarding theology). His biography is presented in al-Kwākib al-Sā’irah and Shadharāt al-Dhahab. He has indicated to al-Nihāyah in his other books titled as al-Jawāhir al-Bahīyah fī Sharḥ al-Arba‘īn al-Nawwīyah and Mughnī al-Faqīh. He also has mentioned to al-Jawāhir and Mughnī in the book of al-Nihāyah. Therefore, calling him as Walī al-Dīn al-Baṣīr (as it is printed on the cover of an impression of al-Nihāyah) is wrong.

8- Some other important Shāfi‘ī jurists and books are as follows:

–         Bakrī (alive until 1062 A.H.): al-I‘tinā’ fī al-Furūq wa al-Istithnā’,

–         Ṣiddīq Ḥasan Khān (d. 1307 A.H.): al-Rawḍah al-Nadīyah (a commentary on al-Durar al-Bahīyah, Shawkānī),

–         ‘Abd al-Wahhāb Sha‘rānī (d. 973 A.H.): al-Mīzān al-Kubrá (including 2 chapters),

–         Ibn al-Wakīl (d. 716 A.H.): al-Ashbāh wa al-Naẓā’ir,

–         Taqī al-Dīn b. Sabkī (d. 756 A.H.): Mukammil al-Majmū‘,

–         Damishqī ‘Uthmānī, Ṣadr al-Dīn Abū ‘Abd Allah Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān (an scholar of eighth century): Raḥmah al-Ummah fī Ikhtilāf al-A’immah,

–         Zarkishī (d. 794 A.H.): al-Manthūr,

Some very famous Shāfi‘ī compilations regarding issuing fatwas, and their writers are as follows:

–         Ibn Ḥajar (d. 852 A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Ḥadīthah,

–         Muhammad Zahrī ‘Amrāwī: al-Sirāj al-Waḥḥāj,

–         Ibn Ḥajar Haytamī (d. 974 A.H.): al-Fatāwá al-Kubrá,

–         Sheikh Ramlī (d. 1004 A.H.): al-Fatāwá,

 

About Alireza Mosaddeq

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